There are two laws of Kirchhoff.

1) Kirchhoff's current law (KCL)

2) Kirchhoff's Voltage law (KVL)

**Kirchhoff's current Law (KCL)**- It states that “sum of currents entering at any node is equal to the sum of currents leaving that node in any circuit” , or in other words we can say that “sum of all the currents at any node is equal to zero in any circuit.” This law is basically derived from the law of conservation of charges i.e. “charges can neither be created nor be destroyed.”

**Kirchhoff's Voltage Law (KVL)**- It states that “sum of all the voltages & all the voltages drops in any close loop is equal to zero in any circuit.” This law is basically derived from the law of conservation of energy i.e. “energy can neither be created nor be destroyed.”